Headache is generally known to be the most common form of pain among people. It’s one of the primary reasons why people usually miss days at school or work to visit the doctor. In fact, according to the National Headache Foundation, “about 28,000,000 Americans suffer from migraines alone.
Due to the fact that headaches have lots of different causes, from the premenstrual to cold syndrome, it can be hard for sufferers to know exactly what kind of headache they are having and how to properly control their condition.
Different Types of Headaches
The most common headaches are caused by either inflammation (infection), muscle contractions (stress, tension, etc), or vascular problems (overload, toxic, high blood pressure, etc.).
1. Sinus Headache: As its name suggests, a sinus headache happens when sinuses become blocked or inflamed. This can lead to pain behind the nose, eyes, and cheeks. It typically gets worse when you wake up or when you bend forward. Common causes of sinus headache are:
- Allergic reaction
- A tumor
- An infection
Depending on its primary cause, symptoms can nearly look similar to those of a migraine.
Read Also: Revealed: How to Choose the Best Yeast Infection Remedy for Your Symptoms
2. Tension Headache: This is the type of headache that is often caused by anxiety and stress. As muscles tighten in your jaw, neck, and shoulders, the headache tends to cause contractions, pulling, and pressure that affect your scalp, face, and temples.
Furthermore, tension headache can last between some minutes to a few days. Its triggers include missed meals, alcohol, lack of sleep, stressful situations, and high emotions.
3. TMJ Headache: A temporomandibular joint (TMJ) headache is caused by problems with lower facial muscles, jaw, and jaw joint. This could be because of tension in the jaw, teeth grinding or clenching, arthritis, and dislocation of the jaw joint. This type of pain doesn’t just happen in the jaw, it can also spread upwards towards the ears, cheeks, and temples or downwards to the shoulder and neck.
4. Neck Headache: Neck headaches (also known as cervicogenic headache) does not really affect your head. However, even though the pain happens in your shoulder blades and neck, you may think of it as coming from the base of your skull, or at the back of your head.
However, the best way to get relief is to remedy the principal cause, be it a:
- Pinched nerve
- Muscles damage
- Muscle knots
- Abnormal bone growth
- Tissue swelling
- Joint problems
Relief can be found through acupuncture, massage, chiropractic treatment, and physiotherapy.
5. Cluster Headache: This is a severe, and very painful headache that happens on and off many times a day for some months followed by headache-free periods which usually lasts for up to six months. The pain usually come with small warning and basically affects just one side of the head, often accompanied by a runny nose and bloodshot eye.
The commonly affected areas include near the temples and above the eye. This type of headache usually last less than one hour and came back almost at the same time every day.
6. Migraine: Migraines are extremely pulsing or a throbbing sensation that often comes with vomiting, nausea, and sensitivity to noise and light. These often happen anywhere for some minutes to hours at a time.
Furthermore, some people may experience visual hallucinations such as disruptions in smell, dots or flashing lights, an “aura”, taste and touch or numbness. When the pain lessens, migraines always leave the victim unable to concentrate or feeling tired.
If you experience any of the symptoms listed below, seek medical assistance immediately:
- Your headache worsens more than 24 hours
- Your gets the “the worst headache ever,” even if you constantly get headaches
- You equally have a change in vision, slurred speech, loss of balance, problems moving your arms or legs, memory loss, or confusion with your headache
- You also have stiff neck, fever, vomiting, and nausea with your headache
- Your headache comes suddenly and is violent or explosive
- Your headache happens with a head injury
- You just started feeling headaches, especially if you are more than 50 years old
- Your headache is acute and just in one eye, with redness in that eye
- You have a history of immune system problem (such as HIV/AIDS) or cancer and develop a new headache
- Your headaches are associated with weight loss, vision problems, or pain while chewing